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Indicators on the Level of Media Freedom and Journalists’ Safety in the Western Balkans

Two years have passed since in 2016 the Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety has published its first assessment on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety in the Western Balkans. The goal in the 2016 report was to establish the “state of affairs” in five Western Balkan countries, considering the fact that media and journalists in the region had been target to political and business pressures which over the decades have evolved into a system of dependencies, colonising the professional integrity of the journalists-professionals and ultimately devastating the public sphere. This is why, freedom of expression became one of the top priorities in the enlargement strategy of the European Commission which developed a long term (2014-2020) assistance approach to support the achievement of political goals in the fields of freedom of expression and media integrity1 . This, 2018 report, builds on the assessment made then, and asks the questions: What has been done since then? Are the associations of journalists and the media trade unions in Macedonia, Serbia, Montenegro, Kosovo and Bosnia and Herzegovina, stronger and more organised than in 2016? Are the authorities in these countries more responsible and responsive when it comes to issues of freedom of speech and journalists safety? Are media and journalists more free now than they have been in 2016?


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Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists safety Serbia, 2018

This Report comprises the findings of the third research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, implemented by national organisations of journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. This report presents a follow up to the baseline study which presented more broadly the legislation, socio-economic and political situation with media freedom and journalists’ safety identified the key challenges and recommendations for journalists associations and other stakeholders. The main objective of this third research study is to detect new developments and to make comparisons with the level of media freedoms and journalists’ safety identified in 2017.


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Summary of the findings, Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists safety Serbia, 2018

Summary of the findings established in research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.


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What Can Media Do For Media Literacy?

Bojana Vukojević, senior assistant at the University of Banja Luka, Faculty of Political Science, at the Sociology Study Program, writes about the role of media in improving media literacy.

“It is the deconstruction of the content method by which every citizen, whether a media professional, a journalist or a public can master, if he understands how media works in the modern age, and if citizens are educated for a critical approach to both technology and information. Critical approach implies that the public addresses the media themselves – whether it contains impressum, whether it has contact; whether the content is compatible with the title, or the title has a sensationalistic purpose; how credible are sources and how many of them is there; whether the author is known and who is he; whether it is parody or satire etc. Media that wants to show its objectivity and professionalism will transparently display its data, deserving trust of its audience. “


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Full report, The indicators on the level of media and journalists safety [Kosovo] 2018

A summary of the findings set out in the third survey, conducted within the framework of the project “Regional Platform for the Western Balkans for the Promotion of Media Freedom and Security of Journalists”, outlines the situation in these areas in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.

The main goal of the third survey is to identify new developments and to compare the level of media freedom and security of journalists identified in 2016 and 2017.

The author of the report for Kosovo, done for the needs of the Association of Journalists of Kosovo, is Petrit Collaku.