Attack on female journalists in Bosnia and Herzegovina in the context of threats to Media Freedom
Zlatiborka Popov- Momčinović, professor of political sciences and head of the Department of Journalism and Political Sciences at the Faculty of Philosophy, University of East Sarajevo.
The bad position of journalists is often connected with the concept of a so called feminization of certain professions. Namely, the increasing number of women entering the particular profession is followed by negative phenomena such as job insecurity, the decline of “reputation” of a certain profession, reduced wages and other benefits, which points out at the existence of misogynist social environment where gender equality is an exception rather than a rule. On the other hand, women occupy only 30% of the management jobs in the BiH media2. This does not mean that female journalists are therefore necessarily more vulnerable and are more exposed to attacks and other forms of pressure and freedom threats. But certainly they are less empowered to report such cases. Therefore the existing reports handling such complaints are supposed to be incomplete and also not gender-disaggregated as well.
(Not)free media = (Not)free society Pressure on media – causes and consequences
Amela Delic, senior assistant at the Department of Journalism in Tuzla.
Key role of media in society remains its role of supervision over actions of politicians, its respective “watchdog” role. Sense of this function is in maintaining public concern. Media are not only considered to be „Fourth Estate“, but are also considered to be an extended arm of public, and patron of public against politicians.
Application of Article 10 European Convention for Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms
Sanela Gorušanović – Butigan, judge of the the Municipal Court in Sarajevo.
Freedom of expression represents one of the key foundations of democratic society, one of the basic conditions for its progress and development of every human being. Democratic political process and development of every human being represent the options for which the protection of freedom of expression is necessary.
The primary objective of the Convention is that the national, domestic courts apply its provisions in manner as it was developed through the case-law and jurisprudence of European Court. European Court must be the last resort. That is exactly why the national courts are the first and the most significant instance where smooth and undisturbed realisation of the right to freedom of expression is secured and where it is provided that potential limitations do adhere to the requirements established by the Article 10, para 2 of the European Convention.
Appointment of the RTVFB&H management board – Legal or agreed solution?
Dr.sci. Lejla Turčilo, associate professor at the Department of Journalism/Communication Science at the Faculty of Political Science University of Sarajevo, about the modes of appointing the RTVFB&H management board.
“The mandate of all members of the RTVFB&H Board expired more than four years ago (one in 2010, then in 2011, 2012 and last in 2013). Also, the director of RTVFB&H has been on this position since 2008, and his five-year term expired in 2013. This precedent in the management practice of a part of the public broadcasting system shows how much political interests are reflected on public service…”
Safety of journalists in B&H – The necessity of efficient institutional and soicial protection
Daniela Jurčić, PhD, Assistant Professor at the Faculty of Philosophy of the University of Mostar.
“The issue of journalistic work and journalism in general, recently got into the most turbulent period. In this analysis will be pointed out the crisis of journalism as a profession, and more important, the very uncertain status of journalists.
Journalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina has experienced huge changes in the last twenty years. They are not visible just in a number of media, but also in huge structural changes inside the journalism profession. After the end of the war, a whole new media frame was established. The Bosnian-Herzegovinian media has been a part of the social transition that has left its mark in the last two decades – new communication technologies has been developed and numerous media have been launched. “