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Far-right Nationalism and Populism in Europe: Assaults on Press Freedom

A research of University of Vienna shows that growing support for far-right and populist politicians presents a threat to journalism across Europe. The study, overseen by Prof. Katharine Sarikakis, head of the University’s Media Governance & Industries Research Lab examines press freedom in 12 European countries, in the context of the threat posed to the watchdog role of independent journalism in democracies by far-right and populist political parties. The research shows a correlation between the rise of far-right and populist political power in many countries across Europe, and intensified assaults on press freedom.


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Freedom of the Media in B-H 2017

Every year, on the World Press Freedom Day Friedrich Ebert Stiftung and BH Journalists are presenting results from the research on Media Freedom in Bosnia and Herzegovina.


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Summary of the findings, Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, Montenegro

Summary of the findings established in research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.


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Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety in the Western Balkans, Comaparative Analysis

Over the last decade, media freedoms in the Western Balkan countries have deteriorated. Political and business elites exercise various forms of direct and indirect pressures against critical media and journalists. Therefore, freedom of expression became one of the top priorities in the enlargement strategy of the European Commission which developed a long term (2014—2020) assistance approach to support the achievement of political goals in the fields of freedom of expression and media integrity.Journalists’ associations (JAs) from the Western Balkan countries (Bosnia and Herzegovina, Macedonia, Montenegro, Kosovo and Serbia), with the support of the European Commission, have been developing a cross-country mechanism for monitoring and advocating media freedoms and journalists’ safety at local, national and regional levels.


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Rights and Jobs in Journalism

In the past years, the media industry has undergone drastic changes due to the emergence of new technologies in the way news are produced and consumed as well as the structural changes driven by the economic crisis. The emergence of online journalists, social media journalists, multi-media journalists, entrepreneurial journalists and many other forms of doing journalism has not only challenged the traditional notion of being a journalist, it has also led to demands for jobs, new skills, trainings and protections of their professional rights. But one thing remains the same – rights and jobs in journalism go hand in hand together; without decent pay and equal rights for journalists, quality in journalism cannot be guaranteed. Journalists’ organisations play a key role to defend the rights of journalists and equip them to rise to the challenge of the changing labour market.


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Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, Macedonia

This report presents the findings from the research conducted within the regional project ”Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating on media freedom and journalists’safety”1, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. The main objective of the research study was to provide base-line assessment and evidence for the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, which will be further used in the regional mechanism for monitoring and advocating on media freedoms, and journalists’ safety at local, national, and regional level.




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Mediaobservatory: Comparing models and demanding reforms of public service media

In this comparative regional overview of the governing and funding models of public service media in the countries of South East Europe, we see a variety of solutions. The information we have gathered and presented here demonstrates once again that these media organisations use large amounts of public money – either through the licence fee collected from households, or through state budgets, but the supervision mechanisms for their programming and finances are predominantly politically driven. Almost all governing bodies are entirely or partly appointed by parliament, and despite formal requirements for qualifications, their members are commonly appointed on the basis of political affiliation and compatibility with the political parties in power.


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Chronicle of Attacks and Pressures Against Journalists in 2016

In the course of 2016 on the Serbian media scene, media professionals and the media faced different problems – from labour law and professional issues to the very question of survival. The collection of key data regarding the media scene in this report leads to the conclusion that the past year saw a continued trend in the deterioration of the freedom of expression, both journalistic and media, in Serbia. During 2016 (until 20th December) IJAS recorded 69 physical and verbal attacks, threats and direct pressures.


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Summary of the findings, Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, Serbia

Summary of the findings established in research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.


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Summary of the findings, Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, BiH

This report presents the findings of the research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. The main objective of this research study is to provide a baseline assessment and evidence of the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety in Bosnia and Herzegovina, which will be further used in a regional mechanism for monitoring and advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety at local, national and regional levels.


Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists safety, Kosovo

This report presents the findings of the research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.


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Summary of the findings, Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists safety, Kosovo

This report presents the findings of the research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.


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Summary of the findings, Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, Macedonia

This report presents the findings from the research conducted within the regional project ”Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating on media freedom and journalists’ safety” , which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. The main objective of the research study was to provide base-line assessment and evidence for the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, which will be further used in the regional mechanism for monitoring and advocating on media freedoms, and journalists’ safety at local, national, and regional level.


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Guidelines on safe photo reporting and ethics

This document intends to provide ideas and guidelines for how a National press can organize and regulate itself to provide the utmost safety for its reporters and the best reporting for its consumers. The safety and integrity of reporting is paramount to a free press, which is a founding principle of a democratic nation. These guidelines are recommendations for newsrooms covering rapidly developing domestic situations and all manner of local reporting, from planned press availabilities to breaking news.


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Journalist Handbook on Covering Elections

The media’s task is to report on any kind of violation of the candidate’s or voter’s rights (including the right to a freedom of speech), corruption in the electoral process as well as the voting process, offences committed by the political parties, and oversights of the election organs. This manual aims to clarify the legal and ethical aspects how journalists to professionally report on elections.


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Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, Montenegro

This report presents the findings of the research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. The main objective of this research study is to provide a baseline assessment and evidence of the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety in Montenegro, which will be further used in a regional mechanism for monitoring and advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety at local, national and regional levels.


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Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety, Serbia

This report presents the findings of the research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia. The main objective of this research study is to provide a baseline assessment and evidence of the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety in Serbia, which will be further used in a regional mechanism for monitoring and advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety at local, national and regional levels.


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Summary of findings, Indicators on the level of media freedom and journalists’ safety in the Western Balkans

Summary of findings of the research conducted within the regional project Western Balkan’s Regional Platform for advocating media freedom and journalists’ safety, which is implemented by the national journalists’ associations in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro and Serbia.


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Media ownership and financing media in Montenegro 2015.

Weak regulation enforcement and persistence of media control


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Labour and legal status of journalist in Montenegro

Journalism between fear for existence and dignity of the profession


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Social status of journalists in Montenegro

Average salary of journalists in Montenegro 470 EUR


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Protection of the journalists’ safety

Protection of the journalists’ safety: Analysis of international standards, good practices and recommendations for improving the legal framework and practices in Serbia, which was conducted within the project “Strengthening the capacity of the Ombudsman for starting legislative initiatives in cooperation with civil society.”


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Progress report for 2016, Serbia

The purpose of the report is to evaluate the implementation of reforms on the way towards membership in the EU and represents an accompanying document to the “Enlargement Strategy”, which defines the general guidelines for the development of policies in the current and next year. The strategy indicates the most important problems and challenges for countries, which share the similar problems in the development of democracy and fulfilling the conditions for full membership in the EU.


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Report on the current state of media freedom and safety of journalists

Within the project, reports on the current state of media freedom and journalists safety in Western Balkans were made.

The report for Bosnia and Herzegovina is available in Bosnian and English.

 


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Muižnieks: In Croatia an adequate environment for the work of the media has not yet been created

„Despite the existence of a sound legal framework for the protection of media freedoms, an adequate environment for the work of the media has not yet been created“, noted the EC Commissioner for Human Rights Nils Muižnieks in his Report on visit to Croatia in April 2016. Especially negative effects on freedom of expression have, according to Nils Muižnieks, criminal offences for defamation and he encourages the authorities to repeal all criminal provisions against defamation.


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Media reform stalled in the slow lane – Soft Censorship in Serbia 2015

BIRN Serbia produced two reports in 2014 and 2016 on practices of soft censorship in Serbia, mapping budgetary spending models and their influences on editorial independence and journalists’ autonomy. Reports conclude that Serbian national and local governments use media outlets’ financial vulnerability to influence news coverage and shape the broader media landscape.


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Chronicle of Attacks and Pressures Against Journalists in 2015

Journalists in Serbia are exposed to powerful individuals’ autocracy and often obstructed in doing their everyday job – 2015 was marked as a year in which humiliation of journalists by public officials reached its peak. In this publication you can find details of physical attacks, threats and other pressures on journalists and media professionals in Serbia in 2015 as well as state of play regarding judicial practice, media reform and respect of Ethical code of Journalism.


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DG Enlargement Guidelines for EU support to media freedom and media integrity in enlargement countries 2014-2020

These guidelines refer to priorities and strategies of the EU in promoting the respect of media freedom in enlargement countries. Freedom of expression is a fundamental right safeguarded by international law, including the European Convention on Human Rights, and forms an integral part of the functioning of a pluralistic democracy. In the context of the European Enlargement policy, the European Commission is obliged by the Copenhagen political criteria to make a full assessment and conclude if there is real respect and true commitment to promoting freedom of expression in the given aspiring country.


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Public Finance in Media

In recent years, the media situation in the Republic of Macedonia is worsening. This is concluded by the international and domestic institutions that monitor the state of democratic and media freedom in the country. The decline of freedom in the media, among other things, relates to large share of Government advertising in the sector, and as such is pointed out by the European Union, the US State Department, and well-known NGOs, Freedom House and Reporters Without Borders.