Bosnia and Herzegovina: The Western Balkans Journalists’ Safety Index 2022


    The Western Balkans Journalists’ Safety Index (WB-JSI) is a research-grounded tool designed to measure and monitor the changes in the respective social and political environments of the Western Balkan countries, that have a direct or indirect impact on the safety of journalists and media professionals while practicing their profession. The Western Balkans Journalists’ Safety Index primarily relies on research evidence collected and analyzed by partners in the platform who follow a rigorous research procedure.

    Collected data on various dimensions of the complex “journalist safety” concept were quantified and grouped into a composite indicator, the Journalist Safety Index, to monitor changes in the seven countries of the Western Balkans over time. Based on the research material, nine members of the Advisory Panel from each of the countries assessed the situation and assigned points for each of the 19 indicators within the following dimensions:

    (1) Legal and organizational environment – the existence and implementation of legal safeguards relevant to the safety of journalists;
    (2) Prevention – the existence and implementation of a range of preventive measures that have direct effects on journalists’ protection and safety;
    (3) Process – the behavior of state institutions and public officials towards journalists and the efficiency of the criminal and civil justice system concerning the investigations of threats and acts of violence against journalists;
    (4) Actual security – incidents and instances of various forms of threats and acts of violence against journalists and media.

    The first (pilot) year for development of the conceptual framework and methodology for scoring, aggregating, and calculating the Index was 2020. This report refers to the situation in Bosnia and Herzegovina in 2021 and presents the improvements or deterioration of the situation related to the four dimensions by taking into consideration the assessment for 2020 as the reference year. For more details about the theoretical framework and the process of creating and calculating the Western Balkan Journalist Safety Index and all country reports see:

    Full research is available here: Index 2022 BiH-ENG